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Geography of Greece

Greece is situated in the south of the Balkan Peninsula, and borders with Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey and FYROM. The landmass of Greece is just over 131,000 sq km. It has a huge coastline of over 13,000 km and not a single area in Greece is over 100km from the sea. Greece consists of a Peninsula, and about 1400 islands, of which just over 160 are inhabited.

Geography and Climate of Greece

Most of Greece is mountainous and the majority of land is at an altitude of 1500m above sea level. The highest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus, of which its peak is 2,917 meters.

Due to the mountainous environment and the dry climate in Greece, agriculture is occupied by only a quarter of the land. Only about 8% of land is used permanently for growing crops.

However, Greece has great natural resources in the forms of oil, magnesite, petroleum, bauxite, lignite and marble. There is also potential for hydropower.

Geography of Greece

The climate in Greece is one that can be described as relatively normal. Summers are usually very hot and dry, and the winters can be quiet cold and wet. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. However, for the south of Greece and the islands, the winters will be milder.

During the winter much of Greece will have snow, and the high mountains of Greece will see much snowfall. It is this that makes Greece an ideal place for winter vacations as well as summer vacations.

There are several ski centres operating throughout Greece and these attract thousands of visitors every year. In Athens snow is less common, especially in the south, but there was quite sufficient snowfall in the beginning of 2002 and in February 2004.

Summers in Greece are usually very hot, and in July and August see the hottest temperatures of the year. It is recommended in these temperatures to stay out of the sun from 11.00 to 14.00 when the sun it at its strongest. There is a strong northern wind called the "Meltemi" which usually sweeps through the east coast of Greece during July and August, and this offers a welcome relief to the heat.

However, these winds can at times be very strong. This can lead to the schedules of the ferryboats to the islands being severely disrupted. If you are planning on using the ferryboats, it is advisable to check with the operators if they are running on time.

Geography and Climate of Greece

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